An IONM endotracheal tube is a stretchable tube that is inserted into the trachea (windpipe) through the mouth to assist a patient with breathing. Endotracheal intubation is the procedure for inserting the tube.

An IONM endotracheal tube may be implanted for a variety of reasons, including surgery under general anesthesia, trauma, or acute sickness.

When a patient is unable to inhale on their own, when it is essential to sedate and “relax” someone who is severely unwell, or when the airway has to be protected, an endotracheal tube is put in. The tube keeps the airway open, allowing air to flow into and out of the lungs.

There are several uses of an endotracheal tube, which has been discussed below:

General surgery:

During general anesthesia, the body’s muscles, including the diaphragm gets numb. At that moment an endotracheal tube can allow the ventilator to perform the breathing function.

Foreign body removal:

If a foreign body is aspirated (breathed in) and obstructs the trachea, an endotracheal tube can be inserted to assist with the evacuation of the foreign object.

To protect the airway:

An endotracheal tube may be implanted to assist the prevention of stomach contents from entering the airways if someone has a large gastrointestinal hemorrhage (bleeding in the esophagus, stomach, or upper intestine) or has a stroke.

Aspiration pneumonia, a highly dangerous and potentially life-threatening condition, can occur if stomach contents are unintentionally breathed in.

Post Surgery:

An endotracheal tube attached to a ventilator may be kept in place after any surgery on the chest, such as lung surgery or heart surgery. It assists with breathing. A person may be “weaned” off the ventilator at some point during recovery in this situation.

To visualize the airway:

An endotracheal tube may be implanted to provide detailed viewing of the airways if an abnormality of the larynx, trachea, or bronchi is suspected, such as a tumor or a congenital deformity (birth defect).

To support breathing:

An endotracheal tube maybe used to support breathing if someone is experiencing trouble in breathing due to pneumonia, a pneumothorax (lung collapse), respiratory failure or imminent respiratory failure, heart failure, or unconsciousness due to an overdose, stroke, or brain damage.

When you’ll need sedation:

If powerful sedatives are required and the patient is critically sick, an endotracheal tube may be inserted to help with breathing until the sedatives are no longer needed.

Premature infants:

Premature babies with respiratory issue frequently require the insertion of an endotracheal tube and mechanical ventilation.

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